When looking for information about the atrocity that is college athletes being suspended for signing autographs, I found several articles from well-known sports authorities. One stood out as very strong and used some very valid points on why athletes should be allowed to receive money for signing their own names and property. The article was written in August of 2013, and was in response to allegations that Johnny Manziel had received payment for signing his own sports memorabilia. It begins by comparing the former Texas A&M quarterback to Mary Kate and Ashley Olsen. The Olsen twins had clothing brands, makeup lines, and a movie all produced by the twins while in college at New York Universities. The author is essential describing all of the endorsements and money making opportunities that are available to any student in college, except for college athletes. Article also draws a comparison between Manziel and South Carolina Defensive End, Jadeveon Clowney. Clowney would go onto become the first overall pick in the 2014 NFL draft. The article mainly focuses an autograph authentication firm that has supposedly validated numerous Clowney autographs, yet no sanctions have been imposed on him. Joe Orlando, who owns the authentication firm states that it is extremely rare that athletes do these singings and not get paid in some way for them. My one concern is that the article is slightly slanted towards defending Manziel, specifically. I want to use this source as a way to defend any athlete who is able to profit from their name.
This article does a good job of pointing out the inconsistencies that have occurred with different athlete allegations as well as making points about how other celebrity college students receive money for their own names. I plan to use this source to show that people have different ways of making money in college. While the vast majorities get jobs on or near campus, some are or become celebrities that can profit from their own name. The fact that actresses in school can sell their name while athletes who come from completely different backgrounds cannot is a disgrace. This article provides a nice piece of factual information about how athletes are held to a higher standard than other college students.
Explicit Vs. Implicit Argument
Fig 1A Fedex truck with explicit argument.
In this advertisement, the delivery company Fedex is making an explicit argument. The first half of the truck is painted like a standard Fedex delivery truck with the text, “ALWAYS FIRST” printed on it. The back half of the truck is painted like a second truck from an unnamed delivery company. The words ALWAYS FIRST are making an explicit statement that Fedex is always first. The paint job of the truck is an attempt to demonstrate that Fedex is “leading” the unnamed delivery truck. The argument is explicit because the truck says exactly what the audience is supposed to take away from the advertisement, which is that Fedex will always be first, meaning you should choose them to deliver your packages.
Fig 2. Fedex truck with an implicit argument.
Figure 2 is an example of an implicit argument being made by Fedex Delivery Company. The truck itself does not have any text to suggest what the audience is supposed to think about the advertisement. However, it is being implied that Fedex is better than UPS because the Fedex truck is painted to look as though it is carrying UPS trucks. The truck does not specifically tell the people who see the truck what to feel or how they should react, but rather it allows the viewers to make their own assumptions about the companies based on the fact that one is “delivering” another one. The message must be interpreted by the viewers, meaning it is possible that people unfamiliar with either company would have little frame of reference on how to take the advertisement. This seems fairly unlikely, considering that Fedex and UPS are two of the most well-known delivery companies in the United States.
Investigation of Topics
I am a huge fan of sports and athletic competition. I find that I am drawn to many sports at several different levels. Of all sports, I get the most enjoyment out of college football. The level and ability of the teams are not important to me, as long is the game is exciting. With the new college football playoff, winning games against quality opponents is one of the most important aspects of criteria. But, sometimes the nation’s greatest current college football players are nowhere to be found in the big games.
A prime example of this season is running back Todd Gurley, from the University of Georgia. Gurley was suspended from four of the Bulldogs SEC games. The SEC is the power house conference in college football, and without its brightest stars, the games tend to lose their intrigue. Gurley was projected to be a finalist for the Heisman trophy, college football’s MVP award, and every play he was on the field was an action packed adrenaline rush, where anything could happen. But, Georgia had to do without Gurley for four games due to his recent suspension. What could this great athlete have done to hurt his team and his own personal image in such a way? Possibly violating the NCAA’s substance abuse policy like Tyrann Mathieu, who was forced to leave college football entirely and now starts for the Arizona Cardinals? Nope. Or maybe allegations of sexual assault and rape had surfaced like Florida State’s Heisman Trophy winning quarterback Jameis Winston. Wrong again. Todd Gurley was suspended for receiving money for signing autographs. Under NCAA rules, college athletes are prohibited from receiving money for their own namesake. This is a rule that is outdated and completely unreasonable, as well as causing college football to miss its biggest stars.
Columbus Day Arguement
I found that the most effective argument for me was the one made by theoatmeal.com. This particular argument was very informative with many hard facts, but presented them in a way that was easy to see and relate to. First, this argument addressed what everyone believed about Columbus and the common misconceptions that people naively follow without doing any research. The layout itself was easy to understand, and it would keep people reading, when they might have stopped after reading a more academic and traditional argument. The graphics used in the argument were extremely effective, painting a visual picture to lend to the argument that the text was making. The graphics made reading the text easier to get the message. The text itself was written in a way that was friendly to the reader. The author was writing like they were speaking directly to the audience instead of writing an argument about the topic. This argument also used sources that were very helpful to the argument. The most effective of which was a page from the personal journal of Columbus. Columbus described how he and his men treated the indigenous people, which was particularly cruel and downright terrible.
One of the other arguments the class looked at was also very strong, and had factual information that contributed to the argument. But, because this particular argument had limited graphics or images, and was in simple black and white text, came off as a little dry. The author may have reached even more people if they had made the argument more aesthetically pleasing. It is a little sad but true to say that more people are likely to read theoatmeal.com’s argument simply because it looks nicer than the standard text argument.
Another argument the class viewed was the Indigenous people’s video. This was a very compelling argument using real people to tell of the atrocities that were committed by Columbus and his men. Getting the opinion and feedback of real people strengthens the credibility of the argument. My only quandary with the video was that it did not immediately hook me into believing or watching the rest of the video. If I came across this video on my own, I most likely would not have watched the entire thing.
Rhetorical Fallacies in Meme
Fig. 1 Terrorist Meme
This meme is insensitive and also commits a rhetorical fallacy. The picture has a man holding an RPG in one hand and a Qur’an. The meme is trying to play on the fact that Americans know very little about the Muslim faith. The creator of this meme is assuming that all Muslims are extremist terrorists that are trying to kill Americans. When in reality, the pure religion of Islam is a peaceful one. Furthermore, most of the terrorist attacks that take place on American soil are actually domestic attacks, meaning they are committed by Americans. The idea presented is a hasty generalization because it is true that people of the Islamic faith committed the attacks on 9/11/01, it does not mean that all attacks are carried out by Muslims.
Fig. 2 Al Gore climate change meme
In this photo, Al Gore’s face is photo shopped over someone who is stuck out in the freezing cold. This meme was in response to the very cold winter we had last year and the fact that Al Gore is famous for suggesting that the world needs to take step to prevent climate change. The meme uses a straw man argument, trying to make Al Gore seem incompetent about climate change simply because it was very cold last year. But in reality, climate change takes place over extremely long periods of time, and one cold winter does not prove or disprove that Al Gore is incorrect about climate change.
Fig. 3 Duck Dynasty Beard meme
This meme pictures Jace, a star from the hit show, Duck Dynasty. All of the people who are part of the family or work for the family have massive beards. I myself have a beard. The logical fallacy comes in when the creator makes the audience choose sides. Clearly, just because a man cannot grow a beard does not make this man a woman or a boy. The text is meant to show that men that grow beards are superior to those men that cannot or choose not to. This is an either/or fallacy because the meme is suggesting that men have beards and men without beards are not “real” men.
I will be presenting over the website called Go Animate. Go Animate is an animation video creator and editor. There are many different tools and nuances of Go Animate. I have concluded that I will narrow my focus for this presentation on the free and meaningful parts of Go Animate to the class. I plan to use a power point to present my technology presentation. My intention is to use the step by step guidelines suggested by the website to give the class a preview of exactly what I used it for and the simplest means that they can use it for. I will have each simple step as a heading on a specific slide, followed by a picture of my computer screen. I feel that the power point will give a strong impression as to how to get started with Go Animate and it will give context to the animation video that I am going to create as an example.
The example animation clip will be brief but demonstrate all of the different steps I will show in my power point. I will also try to use the animation video to convince the class that this is a tool that can be utilized in class, but also in free time. I have found that through this website, creating an animation video can be fun even for a novice like me. I have little to no experience creating an animation video and I will have to experiment and examine all of the features of the website before I decide exactly what to include in this presentation. I also plan to come up with a script of notes that I will refer to during the presentation if I need assistance in where I need to go next during the presentation.
I choose to relay the message that I had the privilege of meeting Henry Winkler and hearing him speak. This was a very astounding moment in my life, so I chose to share it with my friends on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. This meeting happened before I knew about this blog assignment and I still posted it on three different social media sites, which I extremely rare for me. I almost never use twitter anymore and I had to go back and reexamine how I was going to portray the picture and add a caption.
On twitter, I posted the picture of myself with Henry Winkler, and a small caption. I gave little insight to how I got to meet him and where we are or what was happening. In my experience, I essentially use twitter’s post feature rarely, and when I do, I prefer to make it short and sweet, but get the point around. I did not even actually say Henry Winkler’s name in the post, I simply referred to him as “The Fonz,” which was his famous character from the show Happy Days.
When I posted the same image on Instagram, I gave significantly more information, although I understated the conditions for the meeting. The caption on Instagram read that I was casually walking through the college of education building and came across Mr. Winkler. In actuality, he was giving a speech on behalf of the students at Indiana State University. But, he also came to meet privately with a small group of students involved in the Special Education and Psychology programs to discuss dyslexia. I could have alluded to this fact, but I felt it would catch more people’s attention to say that I found him instead of having a special meeting set up with him.
Finally on Facebook, I used a similar tactic that I did on Instagram. I down played that I had the opportunity to meet with Henry Winkler and instead I made it appear that it was a kind of happy go lucky coincidence. I believe that this, coupled with the fact that I have double the amount of friends on Facebook as I do on Instagram and twitter combined is the reason I received far more intrigue from the Facebook post than either of the others.
Fig. 1 Photo of me with Henry Winkler on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter
In class today, we looked at several different mediums to compose through. Some I have had a substantial amount with, and some I had never used before in my life. More importantly, I found that my writing process for each of the mediums was almost completely different. Subconsciously, I have created lists of ways that I go about using these mediums effectively for me. While some of the strategies that my brain uses with these mediums are similar, some are completely opposing.
I first started at the smart phone table. I quickly began swiping away, because my smart phone has the feature of allowing the user to drag a finger from one letter to the next and creating the next word. This is something that took me a long time to adjust to, coming from the flip phone world where each button had to be pressed in order to form words. When creating text on my phone, I typically type immediately what comes to mind first. I feverishly drag my finger from letter to letter, letting the phone fill in certain words and check for errors. Once I have finished the text on the smart phone, I re-read the entire text, from beginning to end two to three times. This is to check for any spelling or grammar errors.
In the laptop section, I used a different technique than I did for the other forms of medium. I began with the lap top by first creating a list of things I do when beginning to compose with the laptop. I first must clear of my entire desk. Then I turn off the lights and turn on some kind of music, usually I listen to Pandora, internet radio. I try to enter a working state of mind and kind of pump myself up. Once this is already to go, I begin typing separate sentences and hit enter between them. Each sentence is a possible topic that I would cover in my current writing process.
My writing process when I am using pen and lined paper or blank paper and pencil is about the same. I always start by clearing the edge of the paper, because I typically rip lined paper out of my notebook. The rough edge generally irritates me, so I must discard it before I begin. I also try to get in a nearly quiet or silent place to write. I always start in the top left corner with my main idea, and then sometimes I branch out in different locations of the page as I write. I often doodle when I have a writing instrument and paper and usually the subject of these doodles are geometric shapes.
Finally, using the typewriter was a foreign and unwelcome adversary in this assignment. The writing process I went through with the typewriter was far different than all of the others. I started by attempting to type a few random words, just to experiment. Then I got on a roll of typing words continuously until I looked up and found that I had hit the edge of the paper and the words were now hitting on top of each other. I found my writing process with the typewriter was much slower and I had to take my time and make sure everything was in order after every word.